Many of our partners abroad receive funds through the subaward process. Many of these same institutions partner with several funding mediators in the United States and Europe, each with its own accounting practices (closely aligned with NIH accounting standards). Even within UCSF there is variation across departments in standard practices. In an effort to create some standardization, Global Health is attempting to create standard forms and formats for our subaward recipients.
Department of Treasury keeps a list of sanctioned institutions that cannot receive funds from US sources. Wire transfer funds are an allowable direct expense, but should be budgeted in the subaward contract. The Office of Contracts and Grants has the capability to run a list for sanctioned individuals. This is a prudent measure to take when contracting foreign nationals.
Exchange rates will vary over time, and inflation may be an issue. The Controller's Office is responsible for releasing funds to subawards. Mechanisms to pay for goods and services have to be verifiable. You will need invoices, and the subaward must be audited annually by an outside accounting firm. Determine if the audit can be paid with F&A (indirect) funds.
Keeping a pile of money to pay people is considered non-standard accounting practices. It is very important that the payment mechanism be auditable. Global Research is working on a standard practice for institutions in a cash economy, and can be contacted for best practices. In the meantime, there is a mandatory online training for UC personnnel handling cash.
Reimbursement to research participants is subject to requirements from our IRB, the regulations of the host country, and the constraints of scientific inquiry. The payment to a subject cannot be deemed enticing, or sway their decision to participate, merely redeem the inconvenience of participation. That means that local conditions will determine what is appropriate. The best course of action will be to work with the local IRB to determine what is customary locally. Global Research can be contacted for advice.
If the original funding source is set up as a subaward, you avoid the complications of capital assets controls. If you have UC owned property abroad, you will have to account for it annually in an inventory.
There are many issues that arise with staffing a project. Much will depend on who you are partnered with, and what your legal status is within your host country.
Depending on your funding, you may be a business, in which case all the necessities of business ownership apply, including licensing requirements, staffing (laws and benefits) and business insurance. Alternatively, if your funding is dispersed through UCSF, your staff may be entitled to University protections, including health insurance and pensions. Global Research is working to standardize application of policies to foreign-based hires. Currently most programs are paying field employees through the mechanisms of their partner institutions. Some ongoing problems which affect international projects are delays in subaward disbursements and fund transfers. This can cripple a project, as skilled, trained staff have to leave. The process has improved, but if you need assistance, contact Global Research.