Food and Water Safety
- Avoid salads, uncooked vegetables, and unpasteurized milk and milk products
- Eat only food that has been cooked and is still hot
- Eat only fruit washed in clean water and then peeled by you personally
- Do not consume food and beverages obtained from street vendors
- Wash hands or use 60% alcohol gel prior to eating, and after direct contact with children or animals
- Avoid swallowing water or submerging your head underwater while swimming
- Avoid swimming with open cuts or abrasions that might serve as entry points for pathogens
- Drink directly from a can or bottle rather than from a questionable container
- Boiling is the most reliable water sanitizer. Boil for at least one minute (three in high altitude).
Protection against Insects
Tick, mite, and mosquito-borne parasitic and viral infections are linked to geographic or ecologic regions, and transmission varies seasonally. Consult the CDC’s Travelers’ Health web page for alerts and information on regional disease transmission patterns that may change periodically.
- Avoid outdoor activity during twilight, when mosquitoes are most active
- Wear longsleeved shirts, long pants, and hats. Tuck in shirts
- Apply repellent to clothing, shoes, tents, mosquito nets, and other gear
- Inspect yourself and clothing for ticks while outdoors and at the end of the day
- Bed nets are essential, and most effective when treated with a repellent. Permethrin containing repellents (e.g., Permanone) are recommended for use on clothing, shoes, and bed nets
Protection against Animals
- Reduce your chances of getting rabies and other infections by avoiding contact with all animals, including stray or wild dogs that account for the highest incidence of rabies outside the U.S.
- If bitten by any animal, rinse profusely with soap and water for 15 minutes and call your insurance company to seek immediate medical attention (within 24 hours).
- You must immediately acquire the immune globulin and 5 doses of the vaccine to avoid getting rabies after a bite. If rabies is indicated, it is fatal.
- Reduce the chance of being bitten or stung by snakes, scorpions, or spiders by wearing shoes with socks, shaking out foot gear immediately before putting it on, and covering headgear that is not being worn.
- Avoid caves and bats.
- Avoid live birds and poultry markets to minimize the risk of exposure to Avian Influenza.
The number one cause of mortality in student populations abroad is MOTORCYCLE accidents, closely followed by AUTOMOBILE accidents (including buses, vans, etc). We realize that you will not be able to avoid traveling by cycle or car or van, and we don’t expect you to, but you should absolutely be aware of some safety precautions to reduce risk. Wear a helmet and buckle your seatbelt whenever possible. Don’t walk alone late at night, and keep your valuables locked and as safe as possible. Political protests and uprisings should be avoided. In addition, be aware of traffic patterns and local road culture.
- “A Safe Trip Abroad” Publication
- U.S. Dept. of State Travel website for students
- WHO’s “Injury: A leading cause of the global burden of disease 2000”
- If you rent a vehicle overseas, use one of the pre-negotiated UC contract agencies, if possible.
Preventative measures for violence-related injuries include limiting your travel at night and varying your travel routes, traveling with a companion, avoiding accommodations on the ground floor and immediately next to the stairs, and possibly carrying a portable door intruder alarm, a smoke alarm, and a rubber door stop that can be used as a supplemental door lock. Also, do not resist attackers if confronted but instead give up car and/or all valuables.
- SAFETI: Safety Abroad First Educational Travel Information – an adaptation of Peace Corps resources for students and organizations
- Be sure to register your travel before you leave at the UC TRIPS site to trigger your UC Student Off-Campus Travel Accident Benefit and iJet travel alerts.
- UC Travel Accident insurance provides security evacuation assistance if you are threatened by a local uprising
- iJet will alert you to political upheavals or threats in your area while you travel
Computers, cell phones, purses, watches, and wallets have high street value and can be quickly stolen if you are not alert. Back up your computer regularly. Report stolen items to police, but beware that the majority of stolen items are never recovered.